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Whipple Library

Department of History and Philosophy of Science
 

First live jazz broadcast on medici.tv

Eresources news - Fri, 26/11/2021 - 17:39

University of Cambridge members and musicians enjoy access to Medici.tv, subscribed by Cambridge University Libraries for the Music Faculty.

We’re thrilled to hear that medici.tv, a few days ago, live from the Philharmonie de Paris, spent a jazzy moment in the company of the extraordinary Chucho Valdés—renowned composer, dynamite pianist, expert arranger, and legendary pioneer of Afro-Cuban jazz.

Valdés opened the festivities with an incredible solo recital, before moving on to one of his own compositions, La Creación, through which he recounts the emergence of Yoruba culture, of West African origin, in the Caribbean. 

Medici.tv has added this to Cambridge’s subscription, though it is normally only available as part of the jazz collection (which is an as-yet unsubscribed part of medici.tv).

To access the Val recording scroll down on the medici.tv home page to “must see replays” or go directly to https://ezp.lib.cam.ac.uk/login?url=https://edu.medici.tv/en/jazz/chucho-valdes-plays-la-creacion/

Trial access – Qwest TV

Eresources news - Fri, 19/11/2021 - 11:50

Trial access to Qwest TV is now active and will run until 31 December 2021.

(Please click ‘Sign in’ to gain access.)

Qwest TV is a video streaming service dedicated to jazz, soul, funk, blues, hip-hop, electronic and classical music, with access to over 1,300 concerts, interviews and documentaries. Featuring personal selections from guest curators such as Quincy Jones, Van Morrison, Chick Corea and Youssou NDour.

Please tell us what you think of this resource by completing the feedback form here. Thank you.

Spectral Effects, Ghost described, and how to produce them: some books on the Magic Lantern

Latest blog posts - Sun, 31/10/2021 - 12:00

“Spectral Effects, Ghost described, and how to produce them” – such is the great promise that Negretti and Zambra make in the title of their short guide to using the Magic Lantern. This – unfortunately – does not provide instructions on how to summon spirits, which would have been very appropriate for the season. However it does give us plenty of information on a popular device, then at the height of its popularity.

Who were ‘Negretti and Zambra’?

Henry Angelo Ludovico Negretti (1818 – 1879), was born in Como (Italy), and moved to England in 1830 in order to find work. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography [1] indicates that he may have apprenticed with Caesar Tagliabue, a maker of meteorological instruments who also originated from Como, and Francis Augustus Pizzala before opening his own glass-blowing business in 1840.

Joseph Warren Zambra (1822-1897), the other half of the duo, was born in Saffron Walden from an English mother and an Italian father. He is not to be confused with Joseph Caesar (or Cesare) Zambra, his father, also a barometer maker and optician, with whom he apprenticed before moving to London.

[STORE 16:35]

The two men established their partnership in 1850, and met success near-immediately by receiving a medal for their meteorological instruments at the 1851 Great Exhibition, before being appointed instrument makers to Queen Victoria.

In 1853, the duo became official photographers of the Crystal Palace Company. They continued to invent new devices, and by 1859 their catalogue contained over 2000 instruments – including some magic lanterns [2]. To advertise them, and help customers use them, they published the 51 pages-long guide shown above.

Pepper’s Ghost

As part of this guide, Negretti and Zambra bring up a technique called “Pepper’s ghost”.

This method, popularised by John Henry Pepper (1821-1900), uses a clear reflective surface (such as glass) to show ‘apparitions’ to the spectator – the apparition simply being the reflection of an actor or object present in an adjacent room.

A theatre director could use this device to represent ghosts, floating heads, and flying objects among other things thanks to a clever use of colour-contrasting clothing or makeup.

Pepper was also known for writing educational science books, among which The boy’s playbook of science, which provides an overview of multiple scientific subjects and at-home experiments for the young scientist.

[STORE 196:21]

In the Playbook, he refers to the effect as ‘magic mirror’, due to the use of the reflective surface for the effect. Throughout the section dedicated to the effect, he explains the impact of the mirror’s shape (e.g. convex or concave) on the final result.

The Magic Lantern at home

With these experiments being presented to children, and the creation of smaller, mass-producible lanterns, it was only a question of time before the lantern found its use in people’s homes. The Book of the Lantern (fifth edition pictured below) by Thomas Cradock Hepworth (father of British film director Cecil Hepworth) provides all the instructions needed to make one’s own slides at home.

[STORE 185:24]

Although he acknowledges the popularity of the lantern as children’s entertainment, Hepworth enthusiastically presents its advantages as a device that amateur photographers can use to showcase their work to friends. To further his point on the lantern being far more than a child’s toy, he mentions another possible use for it:

Let me say at once that the magic lantern is now no toy, but is recognised as a valuable aid to education far and wide

Hepworth, pp. vi-vii. The Magic Lantern in education

While popularised as an entertainment device, the magic lantern also found its place in lecture halls. Sainte-Beuve, a French author and literary critic, reported that Madame de Genlis (1746-1830) – who educated King Louis Philippe and his siblings – had used a magic lantern in her history classes [3]. On the other side of the English Channel, the famously blind lecturer Henry Moyes included the “Magic Lanthorn” (p.121) in a list of eighteen items necessary to every university [4].

From the 1820s onwards, Carpenter (later known and often referred to as Carpenter and Westley) began producing ‘educational’ slides to accompany his Improved Phantasmagoria Lantern [5]. A book came with the slides, containing text about the animals or plants pictured, bringing together the educational and entertainment aspects of the magic lantern. Itinerant lecturer Anna Laura Clarke (1788-1861) may have purchased and used some of these slides, replacing the provided text with her own research [6].

[STORE 65:26]

The volume above, a copy of Wright’s Optical projection treatise (first edition), makes clear references to the use of a magic lantern in the classroom. Page 132 details the types of light that can be used by the lecturer and how one can signal a slide change to their lantern operator, and the entirety of chapter XII is dedicated to the necessary ‘apparatus for scientific demonstration’. There may have been as many as five editions to the treatise, with the last one being published around 1920.

Lanterns remained expensive, .as shown on this image taken from Hepworth’s volume (£10 of the time being equal to roughly £1300 today). By 1920 the cinema – which had been rising since the early 1900s – had replaced the magic lantern as a form of entertainment.

Blog post researched, written and produced by Raphaëlle, Library Assistant.

Pictured

Negretti & Zambra. The magic lantern, dissolving views : and oxy-hydrogen microscope, their history and construction, also directions for use, with oil lamps, oxy-calcium and oxy-hydrogen light : and instruction for painting on glass : spectral effects, ghosts described, and how to produce them. Fourth edition. London: Alfred Boot. 1865?

John Henry Pepper. The boy’s playbook of science : including the various manipulations and arrangements of chemical and philosophical apparatus required for the successful performance of scientific experiments in illustration of the elementary branches of chemistry and natural philosophy. London: George Routledge and Sons. 1866.

Thomas Cradock Hepworth. The book of the lantern : being a practical guide to the working of the optical (or magic) lantern, with full and precise directions for making and colouring lantern pictures. Fifth edition. London: Hazell, Watson and Viney. 1894.

Lewis Wright. Optical projection : a treatise on the use of the lantern in exhibition and scientific demonstration. London: Longmans, Green. 1891.

Magic lantern slides can be viewed on the Whipple Museum Collections Portal.

References

[1] John K. Bradley. Negretti, Henry Angelo Ludovico (1818-1879). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/19855 

[2] Grace’s Guide. Negretti and Zambra. Grace’s Guide to British Industrial History. Retrieved from https://www.gracesguide.co.uk/Negretti_and_Zambra

[3] Encyclopædia Britannica. Genlis, Stéphanie-Félicité du Crest de Saint-Aubin. 1911. Retrieved from https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Genlis,_St%C3%A9phanie-F%C3%A9licit%C3%A9_du_Crest_de_Saint-Aubin,_Comtesse_de 

[4] John Anthony Harrison. Blind Henry Moyes, “An excellent lecturer in philosophy”. Annals of Science, 13:2, 109-125, https://doi.org/10.1080/00033795700200091.

[5] Philip Roberts. Philip Carpenter and the convergence of science and entertainment in the early-nineteenth century instrument trade. Science Museum Journal, Spring 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.15180/170707

[6] Granville Ganter. Mistress of Her Art: Anne Laura Clarke, Traveling Lecturer of the 1820s. The New England Quarterly, LCCCVII, n. 4. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/TNEQ_a_00418

E-resources update : Bloomsbury Popular Music has moved!

Eresources news - Mon, 18/10/2021 - 12:28

Bloomsbury Popular Music has migrated on to the new Bloomsbury Music and Sound platform. The previous URL for Bloomsbury Popular Music will be redirected to the new URL:

https://bloomsburymusicandsound.com (on-campus access)

https://ezp.lib.cam.ac.uk/login?url=https://bloomsburymusicandsound.com/home (off-campus access)

You can also access this digital library from the Databases A-Z or via individual title records for the 260+ e-books included in iDiscover.

————–

This digital library for global popular music brings together leading scholarship and interactive tools to hit the right note for research and learning. It is a resource for students across disciplines including music, ethnomusicology, the performing arts, media and communication, cultural studies, anthropology and sociology.

  • Multiple volumes from the landmark reference work, Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, with new volumes from top international contributors added regularly.
  • More than 150 volumes of the widely acclaimed 33 1/3 and 33 1/3 Global book series, providing in-depth analysis of influential albums across diverse musical eras, by artists ranging from Caetano Veloso to Public Enemy 
  • An expanding range of scholarly books from Bloomsbury’s popular music studies list, comprising edited volumes, biographies, and historical overviews 
  • An illustrated Timeline of Popular Music back to 1900, including dates of 33 1/3 series albums, plus an overview of contextual events in musical and political history, with links to relevant articles
  • An interactive World Map enables users to navigate to books and articles covering a particular country or region that is most relevant to their work
  • Artist pages including curated related content, and biographical information on hundreds of artists and musicians. The artist page biographies are written by André Diehl and Robrecht Herfkens, and will be added to the complete set of artist pages over the forthcoming content updates.

A list of the titles included in the library can be downloaded from the Bloomsbury website.

New Iranian online journals & books, uniquely available at Cambridge University Libraries

Eresources news - Thu, 14/10/2021 - 13:58

We are delighted to announce: The Department for Near and Middle Eastern Studies at Cambridge University Library has purchased an annual subscription to two Iranian full text searchable e-resources launched by Noorsoft of the Computer Research Centre of Islamic Sciences (CRCIS) accessible to members of Cambridge University from September 2021.

Noormags contains about  2216 journal titles, 92795 journal issues, 1322750 articles, 21 subjects, and 524538 authors and these numbers are growing gradually every month.

The journals on the website are categorized into twenty one subjects: social sciences, law, history, geography, economy, language and literature, political sciences, management, psychology, library and information sciences, art and architecture, philosophy and theology, the Qur’an and Hadith, Fiqh and usul (Islamic jurisprudence and its principles), physical education, ethics, religions, educational sciences, accounting, health and interdisciplinary.

The articles available on the website can be downloaded in both HTML and PDF formats in full text and full image.

NoorLib is a full text searchable library of e-books mainly in Arabic and Persian containing 48163 titles in 70695 volumes (by 30327 authors) on the humanities, Islamic sciences, social sciences and more.

Dr Assef Ashraf has commented on the content:

“For what it’s worth, my own view is that these are excellent resources. I have used both extensively in my research. They provide access to difficult-to-obtain and in many cases quite important journal articles and primary sources, among other things. Noormags, for instance, has back issues of pre-revolutionary historical journals like Bar’risi-ha-ye tarikhiYaghma, and Yadigar, not to mention post-1979 journals, that have published rare sources. So they are well worth exploring.”

NoorMags and NoorLib are available via the Cambridge University Libraries A-Z of eresources or directly via the following links:

NoorLib Digital Library

NoorMags

Davoodjalali1365, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Trial access – North Korean news databases

Eresources news - Tue, 12/10/2021 - 09:28

Trial access to North Korean news databases NK News, NK Pro and KCNA Watch is now active and will run until 10 November 2021.

These independent specialist databases provide current information relating to North Korea, including analysis and news in English as well as advanced searching of archived North Korean media (news, magazines, and TV). In addition to the main NK Pro site, we will also have full access to KCNA Watch and NK Cast during the trial.

Please tell us what you think about this eresource by completing the trial feedback form here. Thank you.

NK News – North Korea news and analysis

NK Pro – Databases and research tools including NK leadership tracker, ship tracker and missile tracker

KCNA Watch – Database for accessing and searching official North Korea media

More information about this service here.

A propaganda billboard about the army in Wonsan (May 2, 2010)

Crossings: Journal of Migration & Culture

Eresources news - Fri, 08/10/2021 - 11:21
New on Idiscover : CROSSINGS: JOURNAL OF MIGRATION & CULTURE

From Intellect Books:

“Crossings: Journal of Migration & Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that offers a space for debates on the important nexus of migration and culture. It promotes diverse global and local perspectives by fostering cutting-edge research in this area, with a strong emphasis on interdisciplinary methodologies.”

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 12 (2021) to present.

Access Crossings: Journal of Migration & Culture via the ejournals A-Z or at this link.

Image by TheAndrasBarta from Pixabay

New E-Resource : African Diaspora, 1860-Present

Eresources news - Thu, 16/09/2021 - 07:23

We are pleased to announce the acquisition of the  African Diaspora, 1860-Present database on the Alexander Street Press platform.

Essential for understanding Black history and culture, African Diaspora, 1860-Present allows scholars to discover the migrations, communities, and ideologies of the African Diaspora through the voices of people of African descent. With a focus on communities in the Caribbean, Brazil, India, United Kingdom, and France, the collection includes never-before digitized primary source documents, including personal papers, organizational papers, journals, newsletters, court documents, letters, and ephemera form.

After the abolition of slavery, African diasporic communities formed throughout the world. The circumstances and histories of the establishment of each community were quite different, and as a result, the experiences, cultures and ideologies of the members of these communities vary significantly.

African Diaspora, 1860-present brings these communities to life through never-before digitized primary source documents, secondary sources and videos from around the world with a focus on communities in the Caribbean, Brazil, India, United Kingdom, and France. With content from key partners like The National Archives and Records Administration (US), National Archives at Kew (UK), Royal Anthropological Institute, and Senate House Library (University of London), this first release of African Diaspora, 1860-Present offers an unparalleled view into the experiences and contributions of individuals in the Diaspora, as told through their own accounts. Future releases will include further insights into African diasporic communities with the papers of C.L.R. James, the writings of George Padmore and many more sources.

Major themes include:

  • Migrations of people of African descent to countries around the world, from the 19th century to present day.
  • Diasporic communities including Afro-Brazilian communities in Rio de Janeiro, Black British communities in London, Sidi communities in India, Afro-Caribbean communities in Trinidad, Haiti, and Cuba.
  • Movements and ideologies, including the Back to Africa movement and the Pan-African movement.

Text taken from the Alexander Street Press platform

Photo by Magda Ehlers on Pexels

Also available to access via iDiscover and the Databases A-Z .

Return of the Recipes: Dictionaire oeconomique, part 2

Latest blog posts - Fri, 10/09/2021 - 09:30

Seven years ago, we introduced some interesting medical or veterinarian treatments involving the abuse of cats. However, the Dictionaire oeconomique offers other recipes than the ones requiring slaughtering a pet.

A fair warning: back in 1725, when this book was published, a ‘recipe’ qualified not just instructions leading to a tasty treat, but also medical and medical-adjacent products. The original French edition, published first in 1709 then greatly expanded throughout numerous editions and translations, was written by abbot and agronomist Noël Chomel (1633-1712). Our copy (the first English edition according to WorldCat) is a translation of the second French edition with some additions by Richard Bradley (1688-1732), then professor of botany at the University of Cambridge.

Basics

As you will see, orange-flower water was used in multiple desserts of the 1725 table – so of course, a recipe for it was included. Instructions state to take ‘the Leaves of an Handfull of Orange-Flowers, without the yellow and green’ to infuse in a ‘Quart of Water’ with a ‘Quarter of a Pound of Sugar’, which is then strained through a ‘Sieve or Linnen Cloth’. On top of being an excellent baking companion, this liquid was believed to be ‘good against Vapous and the Malignity of Humors’, with ‘two Scruples [1/2 teaspoon] to an Ounce’ to be administered in case of ‘Histerical Distempers’, to ‘provoke Women’s Terms’, or to ‘fortify the Stomach’.

Since we will be looking at pies next, it seems important to look at the crust first. ‘Paste’, including marzipan, fruit pastes, and ‘paste for crackling Cust’ are extensively covered on two entire pages of the dictionary.

The latter is made by mixing equal parts sugar ‘beaten to Powder’ and fine flour to the ‘Whites of Eggs, according to the Quantity of your Paste, and a little Orange Flower Water’. The result is then spread, and baked in a baking pan rubbed with butter – although I am sure that more than one 18th century baker forgot and found themselves with a stuck crust.

Tarts

Tarts are made by using that ‘paste’ garnished with ‘Cream, Comfits, Fruit or Cheese’ and can be flavoured with ‘Sugar, dry Currans, Pine-Apple Kernel, Cinnamon, or sweet Spice in Powder, fresh Butter’. In other words, by throwing together sweet foods into a pie crust. The garnish is then covered with bands of the same paste to form a lid or decoration, baked in the oven, and covered with more sugar or rosewater after baking.

A ‘sweet-sowre [sour] Tart’ can also be made by boiling ‘a Glass of Verjuice or Lemon Juice, with a Quarter of a Pound of Sugar’ until reduced by half. To this are added ‘some Cream, with six Yolks of Eggs, and a little Butter, Orange Flowers, candid Lemon-Peel grated, and beaten Cinnamon’. The mixture is then baked without a lid, creating an early lemon pie. Alternatively, one can boil ‘Apples, Beets, Melons, and other sorts of Fruits’ in white wine, mix them with ‘Sugar, Cinnamon, Orange-flowers and Lemon-Peel’, and bake this in a pie crust.

The ‘Egg Pan-pie’, a precursor to the custard tart, is made by baking a mixture of egg yolks, sugar, butter and orange-flower water in a pie crust.

Biscuits and cakes

Our biscuit today is a Macaroon, made with a pound of ‘pounded’ – ground – almonds ‘moistened’ with orange-flower water or the ‘White of and Egg’, then mixed with powdered sugar and three or four additional egg whites. These are then baked ‘with a gentle Fire’.

The full Macaroon method.

Chomel and Bradley give two methods to make cake. First, one can mix ‘two Litrons, or somewhat more than two Pints of Flower [flour]’, ‘two new-laid Eggs, half a Pound of Butter, a little Milk, and as much Salt as you judge proper’, adding in ‘as much Leven as your Thumb’s End’. This is then left near a fire for an hour and a quarter to rise, before being baked.

The second method is to beat the ‘Whites of Two new-laid Eggs’ before adding a ‘Quartern’ of flour and as much pounded sugar. To this are added a ‘Quartern of Brandy’ and some coriander. The mixture is spread, sprinkled with sugar, and baked.

Drinks

To accompany all of these delicious treats, you may want something to drink. Fear not – for Chomel and Bradley have exactly what we need. The trade with the American continent brought chocolate to the wealthy masses of the British upper-class.

For the plain version, Bradley recommends a ‘quartern’ of chocolate (four ounces), chopped, to four ‘dishes’ of water boiled in a chocolate pot – to which you can mix between ‘quartern’ and ‘three Ounces’ of sugar. The drink is then frothed before being served. Milk chocolate can be made by replacing the water with milk. This drink, according to Chomel and Bradley ‘preserves the Heat of the Stomach, and helps Digestion’.

Although no specific recipe is given for Tea itself – except drying methods for the leaves – the beverage is highly praised by the authors, who state that

‘There is nothing more sovereign than this Plant, as well for prolonging our Days to a good old Age, as to obstruct every thing that may be injurious to our Health, for it makes the Body notoriously vigorous and robust, and also cures the Head-Ach, Rheums, Shortness of Breath, Weakness of the stomach, Belly-Ach[e], Lassitude and Defluxions, which fall on the Breast and Eyes’.

Whilst its medicinal abilities can certainly be discussed and debated, we can at least agree that tea is an excellent beverage to go with the cakes and biscuits above.

If you would rather have something cold, strawberry lemonade was also already on the 18th century table – under the name ‘strawberry-water’.

It is a straightforward recipe, mixing a pound of strawberries ‘bruis[ed] or mash[ed]’ in a Paris-Pint (about 1.6 modern pints, or 946 mL), to which is mixed ‘a Quartern or five Ounces of Sugar’ and the juice of a Lemon – although a ‘full’ lemon may be enough for two pints.

Please note that none of these recipes were tested by modern audiences or librarians – so far – and that you would be trying them at your own risk! Children are also encourage to seek a responsible adult before attempting any form of baking.

Text transcribed and blog written by Raphaëlle Goyeau, Library Assistant.

Pictured

STORE 65:1-2. Noël Chomel, Richard Bradley. Dictionaire oeconomique: or, the family dictionary. Containing the most experienced methods of improving estates and of preserving health, with many approved remedies for most distempers of the body of man, cattle and other creatures… The most advantageous ways of breeding, feeding and ordering all sorts of domestick animals… The different kinds of nets, snares and engines for taking all sort of fish, birds, and other game. Great variety of rules, directions, and new discoveries, relating to gardening, husbandry … The best and cheapest ways of providing and improving all manner of meats and drinks … Means of making the most advantage of the manufactures of soap, starch … All sorts of rural sports and exercises .. The whole illustrated throughout with very great variety of figures. London: Printed for D. Midwinter. 1725.

A digitised copy of the same English edition is available online from the University of Michigan via the Hathi Trust Digital Library.

A digitised copy of the 1767 French edition is available online from the Bibliotheque Nationale de France via Gallica.

Journal of Early Modern Christianity

Eresources news - Thu, 09/09/2021 - 12:11
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Journal of Early Modern Christianity

From the de Gruyter website:

“The Journal of Early Modern Christianity (JEMC) is published with our partner Refo500 and its academic department RefoRC. It intends to contribute to interdisciplinary, interconfessional, and comparative research on early modern Christianity.

“The journal bears out its interdisciplinary character by including a variety of relevant disciplines, such as church history, social history, cultural history, art history, literary history, history of ideas, history of music and archeology. Its interconfessional approach means that it includes contributions covering the major confessions of early modern Christianity, as well as Christian minorities and dissenters that were not recognized by any of these mainstream confessional traditions.

“JEMC also incorporates topics concerning the relationship between Christianity and other religions in the early modern period (Judaism, Islam, etc.). The journal’s comparative approach gives expression to a broader intellectual ambition of stimulating research that is not restricted to a local or national scope, but takes advantage of the rich theoretical possibilities of comparing and synthesizing at a European, international, and even global level. In terms of chronology, the Journal primarily covers the period from 1450 to 1700.”

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (2014) to present.

Access the Journal of Early Modern Christianity via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Photo by Pixabay from Pexels

Viking and Medieval Scandinavia

Eresources news - Thu, 09/09/2021 - 09:57
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Viking and Medieval Scandinavia

From the Brepols website:

Viking and Medieval Scandinavia is a multidisciplinary journal that covers the full range of studies in the field, stretching geographically from Russia to North America and chronologically from the Viking Age to the end of the medieval period. “

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (2005) to present. Back issues were added to an already existing subscription.

Access the Viking and Medieval Scandinavia via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Photo by Erik Mclean from Pexels

Latin American and Latinx Visual Culture

Eresources news - Wed, 08/09/2021 - 12:48
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Latin American and Latinx Visual Culture

From the University of California Press website:

Latin American and Latinx Visual Culture is a quarterly peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing the most current international research on the visual culture of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean, as well as that created in diaspora. A defining focus of the journal is its concentration of current scholarship on both Latin American and Latinx visual culture in a single publication. The journal aims to approach ancient, colonial, modern and contemporary Latin American and Latinx visual culture from a range of interdisciplinary methodologies and perspectives.“

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (2019) to present.

Access the Latin American and Latinx Visual Culture via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Scientific Study of Literature

Eresources news - Wed, 08/09/2021 - 11:43
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Scientific Study of Literature

From the John Benjamins website:

“Literature has an important role in human culture. Broadly interpreted, literature is defined as all cultural artefacts that make use of literary devices, such as narrativity, metaphoricity, symbolism. Its manifestations include novels, short stories, poetry, theatre, film, television, and, more recently, digital forms such as hypertext storytelling. Scientific Study of Literature (SSOL) publishes empirical studies that apply scientific stringency to cast light on the structure and function of literary phenomena.

“Scientific Study of Literature (SSOL) is the official journal of IGEL (the International Society for the Empirical Study of Literature).”

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 10 (2020) to present.

Access the Scientific Study of Literature via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Photo by cottonbro from Pexels

Sociology of Development

Eresources news - Wed, 08/09/2021 - 11:04
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Sociology of Development

From the University of California Press website:

Sociology of Development is an international journal addressing issues of development, broadly considered. With basic as well as policy-oriented research, topics explored include economic development and well-being, gender, health, inequality, poverty, environment and sustainability, political economy, conflict, social movements, and more.“

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (2015) to present.

Access the Sociology of Development via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Max Weber Studies

Eresources news - Wed, 08/09/2021 - 09:26
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Max Weber Studies

From the journal website:

Max Weber Studies seeks an engagement with the fundamental issues in the social and historical sciences: the dilemmas of life-conduct and vocation in the contemporary world, the tracking of rationalization processes and their impact, disenchantment and the return of magic, the ‘uniqueness of the West’ and multiple modernities, the analysis of the stratification of power and its modalities, and the validity of an interpretative science of social reality. The journal asserts the continuing place of Weber in the conversation of both classical and contemporary social and cultural theory.

“The journal is an indispensable source for the translation of new Weber texts and the publication of unpublished correspondence. It offers extensive reviews of every new volume published by the Max Weber Gesamtausgabe and analyses the emerging work-history of Weber’s writings. It is very much interested in milieu analysis of European intellectual thought 1880-1920, in particular movements of social reform, the women’s movement, cultural currents, family history, the universities, and politics both nationally and internationally. The journal also undertakes the reflexive analysis of the reception of Max Weber in different language communities.”

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (2000) to present.

Access the Max Weber Studies via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

A-Z Databases LibGuide: Updated for new academic year

Eresources news - Mon, 06/09/2021 - 09:52

Quickly find databases by subject

The ECM team are updating the A-Z in readiness for Michaelmas, new academic year. New subjects have been added to aid searching.

To use the subject search: Select the subjects you are interested in from the A-Z of databases search menus. Use the ‘All Subjects’ dropdown and click on a subject. You will see a list of databases relevant to your selection. At the top you will see ‘Best Bets’.

The Biological Sciences Libraries team have recently been working with our team to update the biological sciences section. The graphic shows an example of the search results for one of the newly added subjects ‘Pathology’.

Any other Cambridge University Librarians who would like the search results or best bets in their subject areas updated please contact us and let us know which subjects you would like included

New E-Resource : Black Newspaper Collection (ProQuest Historical Newspapers)

Eresources news - Tue, 31/08/2021 - 11:19

The University of Cambridge has acquired the Black Newspaper Collection from Proquest.

This collection offers essential primary source content and editorial perspectives of the most distinguished African American newspapers in the U.S. Each of the ten Historical Black Newspapers provides researchers with unprecedented access to perspectives and information that was excluded or marginalized in mainstream sources. The content, including articles, obituaries, photos, editorials, and more, is easily accessible for scholars in the study of the history of race relations, journalism, local and national politics, education, African American studies, and many multidisciplinary subjects. Examine major movements from the Harlem Renaissance to Civil Rights, and explore everyday life as written in the Chicago DefenderThe Baltimore Afro-AmericanNew York Amsterdam NewsPittsburgh CourierLos Angeles SentinelAtlanta Daily WorldThe Norfolk Journal and GuideThe Philadelphia TribuneCleveland Call and Post, and Michigan Chronicle.

Each of the ten Historical Black Newspapers are cross-searchable with all other ProQuest Historical Newspapers–including The New York TimesChicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times and The Guardian–allowing researchers to evaluate history from multiple points view from various places throughout the world.

The ProQuest platform offers powerful and easy-to-use tools, including complete cover to cover full-page and article images in easily downloadable PDF format, and the ability to search many different article types.

Atlanta Daily World (1931-2010)

Baltimore Afro-American  (1893-1988)

Chicago Defender (1909-2010)

Cleveland Call and Post (1934-1962); Call and Post (1962-1991)

Los Angeles Sentinel  (1934-2005)

Michigan Chronicle

New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993)

Norfolk Journal and Guide (1916-2003)

Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)

Pittsburgh Courier (1911-2010)

Also available to access via iDiscover and the Databases A-Z .

Art show takes visitors to Mali village: N. Y. exhibit has spiritual tone. Roth, Katherine.  Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001); Philadelphia, Penn. [Philadelphia, Penn]. 30 Dec 2001: 1_D. 

200 years of Hermann von Helmholtz

Latest blog posts - Tue, 31/08/2021 - 09:30

Born Hermann Helmholtz on August 31st, 1821, this famed scientist wrote on many different topics, including (but not limited to): theory of vision, perception of visual space and sound, physiology of perception, conservation of energy, electrodynamics, chemical thermodynamics, laws of nature, and the science of aesthetics.

Helmholtz graduated in 1842 with a medical degree, and his first significant paper [1] (Über die Erhaltung der Kraft, 1847) combined his studies with a philosophical background likely originating from his parents or personal interest. He obtained his first academic position at the Academy of Arts, in Berlin, in 1848.

His next major work, and the one that would propel him at the forefront of the European scientific community, was the invention of the ophthalmoscope – a tool composed of lights and lenses allowing an ophthalmologist to observe the inside of an eye – in 1851. Although refined by several researchers since, ophthalmoscopes are still used today in eye examinations. His publication of a Handbuch der physiologischen optik [Treatise on Physiological Optics] in 1867 shows a continued interest in eyes, vision, and perception.

After vision, Helmholtz explored sound and hearing. [2] Die Lehre von den Tonempfindungen als physiologische Grundlage für die Theorie der Musik [Sensations of Tone] saw five different German editions, of which one posthumous, and four English editions between 1863 and 1912 [3]. Sensations of Tone covered multiple aspects of not just music, but sound as well – with Helmholtz himself deciding that it would be up to artists to determine what qualified as music. Our own copy seems to have once belonged to a bagpipe enthusiast, as shown by the annotations on the last flyleaf.

The first part looks at vibration within sound and music, then harmony, and finally relationship of musical tones. Helmholtz developed a set of resonators and synthesizer to help in his studies, some of which are now held at the Whipple Museum, and Sensations of Tone pictures some of his apparatus. The vibration microscope could be used to determine the frequency at which an object vibrated, or to calibrate a vibrating fork by ‘comparing’ it to another vibrating fork. The polyphonic siren, composed of two hollow and holed cylinders mounted together (one above, one below), could produce two different tones at once. Air could be blown into the cylinders, and the holes adjusted to produce the different sounds by pushing or pulling the screws visible at the front, while the little crank at the top allowed Helmholtz to adjust the position of the upper cylinder.

Helmholtz completed his study on sound by looking at the inner workings of the ear, publishing [4] Die Mechanik der Gehörknöchelchen und des Trommelfells[The mechanism of the ossicles and the membrane tympani] in 1869.

STORE 103.51

His varied interests are even more prominent in his [5][6][7] Vorträge und Reden or Populäre wissenschaftliche Vorträge [Popular lectures on scientific subjects], covering natural sciences, philosophy, theory of vision, physical sciences, and much more. The first volume seems to trace back his most well-known papers and subjects, with lectures on ‘natural forces’, theory of vision (in three parts), and a hint of his philosophy through a lecture ‘On the relation of Natural science to science in general’.

The second volume of Popular Lectures reflected his mathematical and medical background, as well as his research on colour perception through a four-part lecture ‘On the relation of optics to painting’. Another lecture, dated 1871, discusses Kant and Laplace’s theories on the origins of celestial bodies, applied to the Solar system, complete with a short mythological background on the creation of the universe.

Beyond his publications, Helmholtz’s influence extended into teaching. Throughout his five different tenures, he supervised future Nobel Prize receivers Max Planck, Gabriel Lippmann, and Wilhelm Wien, physicists Heinrich Hertz, Mihajlo Pupin and Arthur Webster, philosopher of science Émile Boutroux, and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt.

His rich career gained him many awards, firstly the Matteucci Medal (of which he was the first recipient) in 1868, then the Copley Medal ‘for his researches in physics and physiology’ in 1873. The same year, he was elected member of the American Philosophical society. In 1881 the Royal Society of Chemistry awarded him the Faraday Lectureship prize, and a couple of years later, German Emperor Wilhelm I ennobled him, adding the ‘von’ to Helmholtz’s name. Finally, he was awarded the Albert Medal ‘in recognition of the value of his researches in various branches of science and of their practical results upon music, painting and the useful arts’ in 1888, passing away six years later on September 8th, 1894.

Post written, produced and researched by Raphaëlle Goyeau, Library Assistant.

Pictured:

STORE 103:1. Hermann von Helmholtz. Handbuch der physiologischen optik. Leipzig: Leopold Voss. 1867.

STORE 103:51. Hermann von Helmholtz, James Hinton [trans.]. The mechanism of the ossicles and the membrana tympani. London: New Syndenham Society. 1874.

STORE 122:18. Hermann von Helmholtz, Alexander John Ellis [trans.]. On the sensations of tone as a physiological basis for the theory of music. 2nd Ed. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1885.

STORE 138:6. Hermann von Helmholtz, Edmund Atkinson [trans.]. Popular lectures on scientific subjects. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1873.

STORE 138:7. Hermann von Helmholtz, Edmund Atkinson [trans.]. Popular lectures on scientific subjects. 2nd series. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1881.

References:

[1] Hermann von Helmholtz. On the conservation of forces: a physical memoir. In: Richard Taylor (ed.). Scientific memoirs. London: Taylor and Francis. 1853.

[2] Hermann von Helmholtz. Die Lehre von den Tonempfindungen als physiologische Grundlage für die Theorie der Musik. Fifth edition. Braunschweig: Druck und Verlag von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn. 1896.

[3] Hermann von Helmholtz, Alexander J. Ellis (ed.). On the Sensations of Tone as a physiological basis for the Theory of Music. Third edition [based on the fourth German edition]. London and New York: Longmans, Green, and Co. 1895.

[4] Hermann von Helmholtz. Die Mechanik der Gehörknöchelchen und des Trommelfells. Bonn: M. Cohen. 1869.

[5] Hermann von Helmholtz. Vorträge und Reden von Hermann von Helmholtz. Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn. 1896.

[6] Hermann von Helmholtz, E. Atkinson (trans.). Popular lectures on scientific subjects. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1888.

[7] Hermann von Helmholtz, E. Atkinson (trans.). Popular lectures on scientific subjects. London: Longmans, Greens. 1893.

Archaeometry archive

Eresources news - Fri, 27/08/2021 - 10:34
Extended holdings available on the Journals Search and A-Z : Archaeometry

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (1958) to volume 38 (1996). These holdings have been added to our ongoing access from volume 39 (1997) to present.

From the Wiley website:

Archaeometry is an international research journal covering the application of the physical and biological sciences to archaeology, anthropology and art history. Topics covered include dating methods, artifact studies, mathematical methods, remote sensing techniques, conservation science, environmental reconstruction, biological anthropology and archaeological theory. Papers are expected to have a clear archaeological, anthropological or art historical context, be of the highest scientific standards, and to present data of international relevance.

Access the Archaeometry via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Image by ChiemSeherin from Pixabay

Strategy Science

Eresources news - Thu, 26/08/2021 - 15:22
New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Strategy Science

From the Informs website:

Strategy Science seeks to publish outstanding research directed to the challenges of strategic management in both business and non-business organizations. The journal is eclectic with respect to methodologies, including field-based work, large-sample empirical work, and computational and analytic models. Strategy Science is open to a wide variety of underlying disciplinary approaches including economics, operations research, political science, psychology, and sociology.”

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from volume 1 (2016) to present.

Access the Black Camera via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay