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Whipple Library

Department of History and Philosophy of Science

Spare the birds / Carolyn Merchant V7.GRI.MER 1John James Audubon (1785-1851) is America’s most famous ornithologist who is specially noted for his wonderful paintings of birds. His major work, The Birds of America included 435 life-size hand coloured prints. He became known as the “American Woodsman” while touring Britain raising funds for the publication of Birds.

35 years after Audubon’s death, the first society in his name was established by George Bird Grinnell (1849-1938). Grinnell grew up on Audubon’s estate in New York City and was taught by Audubon widow at school. Merchant’s Spare the birds is a biography of Grinnell and features copies of a few of the plates from Birds.




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